Martin Luther King Jr.
You may have heard of Martin Luther King Day. But do you know the history behind it? Or is it just a day where we don’t go to school? Well, we are going to tell you the history behind this historical holiday.
MichaeL King Jr. was born on January 15, 1929. His name was changed to Martin Luther instead of Michael by his father in honor of Martin Luther, a German reformer. He was a baptist minister, and became a civil rights activist early in his life. His wife was a lady named Coretta Scott King born on April 27, 1927 and died on January 30, 2006. His Children were Yolanda King, Martin Luther King III, Dexter Scott King, and Bernice King. His parent were Martin Luther King Sr., and Alberta Williams King.
During his life, Martin Luther King faced a lot of racism, mistreatment, and unfairness. He protested, boycotted,and gave many speeches during the civil rights movement. His most famous speech was on August 28, 1963, at Lincoln Memorial in Washington D.C. It was called the “I Have a Dream” speech. “I am happy to join with you today in what will go down in history as the greatest demonstration for freedom in the history of our nation,” was the first line in the speech. The speech was given during the March On Washington.
In between the speech, MLK expressed his hopes and dreams or the future. He was quoted in the speech, “I have a dream, that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: ‘We hold these truths to be self-evident; that all men are created equal.’I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able to sit together at the table of brotherhood.
I have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi, a state sweltering with the heat of injustice, sweltering with the heat of oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice. I have a dream that little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.I have a dream today.”
This speech motivated many people, no matter what the race. then came the assassination. As it says on Wikipedia, “Then, at 6:01 p.m., April 4, 1968,a shot rang out as King stood on the motel’s second-floor balcony. The bullet entered through his right cheek, smashing his jaw, then traveled down his spinal cord before lodging in his shoulder.” The person who assassinated him was James Earl Ray. In honor of Dr. King, a memorial was made, named the Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial. Also, a day was made in his honor, and it is celebrated on January 20th. So instead of thinking about a day off of school, think about the history behind it.